Since the first ploughing match was introduced in 1848, there have been many key milestones for the horse competition at the Royal Melbourne Show.
The first trotting contest was held in 1872, first dressage demonstration by mounted police was given in 1923, the Garryowen Perpetual Trophy was introduced in 1934 and in 1939 polo matches were included in the program.
In 1950, novice dressage events were added and in 1952 rodeo events were included in the program.
In 1971 a three day eventing selection event was held at the Show for the 1972 Munich Olympic Games.
In 1993, the Royal Melbourne Horse Show was established as a breed show held in January at Melbourne Showgrounds and in 2002 was moved to Werribee Park National Equestrian Centre.
2007 saw the Equine Influenza and no horses permitted at Melbourne Showgrounds.
The competition now sees more than 2,000 entries each year competing across 370 classes on Main Arena at the Royal Melbourne Show.